Education Technology

Energy Conversion: Challenges and Opportunities

Climate change has posed a challenge in recent years, an imminent doom that has led countries to introduce measures to combat its implications. The existing energy infrastructure is heavily dependent on non-renewable energy sources and a paradigm change towards renewable energy sources is taking place. This transition has its problems in the energy sector.

The first challenge is energy conservation, where technology plays an imperative role and regulates consumption habits by installing automation systems in businesses and homes. It will also provide information that can be helpful for research. Other means of high performance, however, are possible, such as recycling or lean production (minimum waste and maximum productivity). The recycling factor is restricted to such items, but the transformation of the energy system can be enhanced by technological innovation.


Nothing is better on the road to decarbonization than renewable energy to support humanity. The planet is moving towards electricity from solar and wind sources, and the challenge is to cut costs. Investing in new renewable technologies, as well as biofuels, is also important. The world will be dominated by wind and solar energy by 2050 if funds and resources were allocated to create a sustainable future. There is a paradigm change directed at low carbon and clean energy sources. The Paris Agreement, for instance, seeks to tackle the danger of climate change by holding the increase in global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius.

It will need a huge quantity of biomass for heat, transport, and energy when it comes to decarbonization. Alternative fuels are needed for transport to replace oil, and this is where biofuels come into play. In the transport and aviation sector, this will prove highly advantageous.

The Gas

When it comes to energy management, gas plays a crucial role. Substituting coal for gas would be a safer choice in order to minimize emissions, but a more effective integration method, such as more storage space and supply sources, is required to manage it. There are millions of individuals in rural areas in India who still depend on cow dung for cooking and other activities. A lot of respiratory issues are caused by this.

Oil and Coal

Renewable resources such as coal and oil have to be replaced instead of emerging renewable technology and aiming for green energy, but this transition will not be 100 percent. In the coming years, both will remain a part of the energy mix.

Nuclear energetics

The word nuclear resonates with the harrowing event that took place at the time of the Second World War when Japan’s Hiroshima and Nagasaki regions were bombed by the US. Important advances in the area of nuclear technology have occurred over the years, and emerging nuclear technologies will help solve waste and safety issues. If harnessed easily, it is an excellent and cheap option for businesses.

What are the main areas of focus?

Synergy between renewable energy and energy efficiency: In order to achieve the desired impact of decarbonisation by 2050, energy policies must be the highest priority.

Highly renewable energy-based power sector: A radical change in the global energy system is on its way. Holistic policies and co-ordinated approaches through different industries and countries are needed to make this happen. It also includes the implementation of infrastructure and the redesign of sector regulations on a large scale for cost-effective solar and wind generation. Now and in the coming years, these energy sources are the foundation of energy systems.

Enhancing the use of electricity in the transport and construction sectors:

When it comes to urban planning , policy incorporation will allow for a Cost-effective decarbonisation of the heating and transport industries by means of electrification. It should be noted that renewable electricity is part of the solution and other solutions, such as solar thermal, bioenergy and geothermal, are needed for deployment.

How does India put itself at the forefront of solar energy?

With a 100 GW goal by 2022, India is investing heavily in raising its solar coverage. In generating solar energy, Karnataka took the first place. Its capacity stood at 5, 328 MW, as per the records collected in 2018. The second place was taken by Telangana and its power stood at 3501 MW. Rajasthan (3081 MW), Andra Pradesh (2820 MW), Tamil Naidu (2055 MW), and Gujarat (1607) are the other states in order. It is not shocking that the future holds tremendous career prospects for the workforce. India is at the forefront of growing its coverage of renewable energy, and energy management would require operations to be handled by budding managers. There are energy management colleges in India that can shape the career of someone who aspires to be in this industry and wants to contribute.

Collective attempts have been made to restrict global temperature rises to below 2 ° C, and renewable energy are an unavoidable aspect of this climate solution. In many nations, this is the solution, but renewable energies continue to dominate the globe. Cumulative emissions must be decreased by 470 gigatons to control the temperature.

No doubt there are obstacles, but there are opportunities to innovate. There should be a course that can promote the process and, with the right skills, can prepare students to handle operations and contribute to sustainable development in order to allow such a transformation. NTPC School of Business is one of best energy management colleges in India that can change the lives of students. It’s going to equip them with the right instruments, and they can pave their route.